Lakes of Nepal, sourced from the Himalaya are affluent biodiversity and play a crucial role in maintaining ecosystem balance. Therefore, Himalayan Lake is familiar for Lakes of Nepal and has high potential for tourism promotion of the country.
Despite the importance of lake they are progressively transformed or converted into agricultural field encroachment, siltation, degradation and loss of habitat, loss of ecological integrity, depletion of species abundance and diversity and climate change. To mitigate the threats and sustain the lakes through conservation and development for the tourism promotion and enhance the livelihood of Nepal’s community, National Lake Conservation Development NLCDC was established in 2007 under the Development Committee Act (2013) the Government of Nepal as a development authority under the Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation.
NLCDC taking independent view of wetland conservation and development issues and provides an advice on the aspects of wetland management to government authorities and other concerned organizations.
NLCDC wisely based on the Integrated Lake Basin Management (ILBM): a tool used for the sustainable management of lake and their basins through strengthening overall basin governance. NLCDC has prepared the first map based Lake Inventory during the strategic plan preparation of Nepal and found 5,358 lakes in Nepal. Among the total 2,712 lakes (51%) are confined below 499m, and 2,111 lakes (39%) above 4,000m and only 535 lakes( 10%) are distributed in the mid hills ranging between 500 and 3,999m are found on the basis of altitude.
Then after, NLCDC has already accomplished field based Lake Inventory up to 3000m. So far; it has spread its field based inventory program to 62 districts of Nepal. Frequently, the organization release statements to implement the wetland conservation management plan to policy maker of the country.
Not only the Lake Inventory but also NLCDC is enhancing public awareness, institutional development and capacity buildings programs for expanding knowledge about dynamics of lake and its immense value for environment, biodiversity and livelihoods to manage the lake basin in effective and efficient way. Furthermore, NLCDC is planning to select the lake in each province of the country and stand the lake as one of the best model lake for popular tourist destination of Nepal.