Lakes of Nepal

The Himalayan landscape of Nepal has tremendous topographic diversities followed by diversities of lakes and wetlands ways down from the Himalayan high altitude to lowland Terai. Lakes/wetlands provide water for irrigation, maintains biodiversity, enhancing livelihoods of people through eco-tourism, a basis for cultural and spiritual development and so on. There are different studies and reports that Nepal is a bearer of more than 6000 rivers, 3,252 glaciers, 2,323 glacial lakes and several tectonic and ox-bow-lakes.Among them,  National Lake Conservation Development Committee (NLCDC) has enlisted 5,358 lakes in Nepal during its map based inventory conducted program in 2009.

Lakes of Nepal are culturally important in higher altitude areas for example Jatapokhari, Pach Pokhari, Gosai Kunda, Maipokhari and so on. The midhill lakes are beautiful. In Terai, lakes and wetlands are productive for agricultural activities. However, according to Census 2001 about 21 percentage of Nepali ethnic group are directly belonging to water. In Nepal, 22 communities such as Bantar (Sardar), Barhamus, Bote, Danuwar, Darae, Gongi, Jhagat, Kewat, Khanwas (Rhanjhi), Khuna, Kumal, Kusahar (Kusaha), Manjhi, Dusadh, Mallaha, Mukhiya (Bihin), Musahar, Pode, Sahani, Satar, Sunaha and Tharu depend on lakes and wetlands for their survival.

State and conditions of mountain lakes and wetlands are still unheard of. Considering overall development, government of Nepal has envisioned lake and wetland issues as one of the national agenda to address people`s livelihoods. Such government`s commitment has been observed in the formulation of National Wetland Policy in 2003 and establishment of the National Lake conservation and Development Committee in 2007. Since its establishment NLCDC has been committed to execute lake conservation and development program at national and local level by following its vision, mission and objectives.